Traffic Dictionary

Abs
Wheels are blocked when jams brakes on the wet and slimy floor. At this time driver begin to lose his control of the motor car and car begins to glide.ABS is a system that prevents the blocks of wheels.4 wheel  ABS,  provides directional control and stability to drivers It is developed and taken out a patent firstly in 1936 in Germany.It is meanin in German  "antiblockiersystem." ABS, has the sensors which of them sense that wheels are going to be blocked and lose hill-climbing efficiency.  Electronic control units(ECU) assess those signs and chance the balance of  brake pressure and ın this way ECU sends  orders to Hydraulic Kontrol Unit   (HCU) . Back wheel ABS is used in trugs minibuses and sport cars generally for to prevent only just back wheel blocked. This system prevents the autos from gliding to sides and helps to driver
 In back wheel ABS systems have the traditional blocked tendency in the front wheels. If there is a block drivers should decrease the brake pressure bare to front wheels turn again.

Aerodynamic:
Aerodynamic, research how the vehicle acts in air.
Airbag   :
Airbags are the security assessories which are designed for front or near front crashs.Airbag also designed for minimize the head and chest injuries and decrease the crash level to middle or minimum.
Fluency Degree:
Fluency Degree means that glide of a liquid from narrow places easily.
 

Block cast Cylinder :
It is main part which can carry parts of motors on it 

Cylinder Cover:
It is an cover that closed the cylinder  block and occurs the combustion chamber

Crank Chamber :
It is depot for motor oil and part been below the Block cast Cylinder

Clack Valve:
It is guard clack from outside influences.

Heather:
It is depot where cooler water been

Carburetor:
It is supply fuel and air mixture.

Air filter:

It cleans the air which get into cylinder

Manifolds (induction -exhaust):
Pipes which carry air fuel mixture to cylinder and  burnt gases to outisde  

Oil Filter:
Clean the motor oil from foreign body 

Induction Coil( Firing):
Increase the volt to  15.000-25,000 which come from battery

Spark Plug:
Fire the oil and air mix
Regulator:

Translate to correct current which is done by dynamos and  order as 12 volt

Jet pump:

To inject oil in diesel motors

Crank shaft:

It is a shft where pistons connected.It takes its power from motor.

Piston:

It act in the cylinder and transfer the act to crankshaft

Coonecting rod :

It translate pistons linear acts to crank shaft.

Oil Pump:

It transfer the oil in the crank to acted parts by pressure.

Fuel Pomp:

It transfer the oil to carburetor by pressure.

Distributor:

It transfer electrical energy to spark plugs during the firing line in oiled motors.

Starter  Motor:

It gives the first act to motor. It translate electric energy to movement energy 

Alternator :

Produce the electric energy  It translate movement energy to electric energy 

Water Pump :

Helps to round the water in the cylinders.

Jet Pump:

Transfer the fuel  to jets by pressure
Safety Belt:
The figures are familiar: 40,000 people die each year in car accidents, the leading cause of death for people under the age of 35. Safety belts can prevent death in about half of these accidents. If you know this and are still not wearing a safety belt, you may need to ask yourself why not. But first, let's look at what happens when a car crashes
Imagine running as fast as you can - into a wall. You'd expect to get pretty banged up. Do you think you could stop yourself if the wall suddenly loomed up when you were two feet away from it? This is exactly the situation you face when the front of your car hits something at only 15 miles an hour. The car stops in the first tenth of a second, but you keep on at the same rate you were going in the car until something stops you - the steering wheel, dashboard or windshield - if you're not wearing your safety belt.. Bad enough at 15 miles an hour, but a 30 miles you hit "the wall" four times as hard as you would at 15. Or to put it another way, with the same impact you'd feel as if you fell three stories.

Energy:

Making work capacity and ability. Usage unit is watt
F kind engine:

Engine which have some valves on cylinder head and some of them in
block-cast cylinder
Fren beygirgücü:

Motor tarafından üretilip aracı hareket ettirmek için kullanılan güçtür (Motorun volanından veya kasnağından alınan güç) Fren kampanası:
Araç tekerleklerine takılan madeni parçadır. Dönen tekerlekleri frenlemek için, fren pabuçları kampana iç yüzeyine etki yaparak kampanaları yavaşlatır veya durdurur.

Fren pabuçları:

Yarım daire şeklinde kavis verilmiş bir metal parçasıdır. Üzerine ısıya karşı oldukça dayanıklı olan balata perçinlenmiştir. Frene basıldığı zaman, bu balata kampanaya sürtünerek frenleme etkisi gösterir.
Fren:

Herhangi bir hareketle cismin veya makinenin hareketini yavaşlatan veya durduran düzendir.
Fren Destek Sistemi:
"Break Assist System" olarak bilinen sistem, ABS'nin çalışması için gerekli azami fren basıncına, pedal üzerinde çok büyük kuvvetler uygulamaksızın ulaşılmasını sağlar. ideal frenlemeyi sağlamak amacıyla son yıllarda üretilen otomobillerde standart olarak yer almaya başlayan sistem, durma mesafesinin kısalmasını da sağlıyor.

Gasoline Direct Injection (GDI):

Gasoline direct injection or GDi is a variant of fuel injection employed in modern two-stroke and four stroke petrol engines. The gasoline or biobutanol is injected right into the combustion chamber of each cylinder, as opposed to conventional multi point fuel injection that happens in the intake manifold, or cylinder port injection in two-strokes.


Gray market:
grey market goods are not illegal. Instead, they are being sold outside of normal distribution channels by companies which may have no relationship with the producer of the goods. Frequently this form of parallel import occurs when the price of an item is significantly higher in one country than another. This situation commonly occurs with cigarettes and electronic equipment such as cameras. Entrepreneurs buy the product where it is available cheaply, often at retail but sometimes at wholesale, import it legally to the target market and sell it at a price which provides a profit but which is below the normal market price there.

Vehicle Temperature:
It is the heat which occurs during working of engine , degree of water which is in heater and used for to keep the same level of hear or decreasing.
Catalyst
Catalysts generally react with one or more reactants to form a chemical intermediate that subsequently reacts to form the final reaction product, in the process regenerating the catalyst

L type engine:
Kind of engine whichs valves are on
block-cast cylinder
LPG:
Shortening of liquid petrolium gases.




NASCAR:

The National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing  is the largest sanctioning body of motorsports in the United States. The three largest racing series sanctioned by NASCAR are the NEXTEL Cup, the Busch Series and the Craftsman Truck Series. It also oversees NASCAR Regional Racing, the Whelen Modified Tour, and the Whelen All-American Series. NASCAR sanctions over 1,500 races at over 100 tracks in 38 states, Canada, and Mexico. From 1996 to 1998, NASCAR held exhibition races in Japan, and an exhibition race in Australia in 1988.



Cylinder

cylinder in the central working part of a reciprocating engine, the space in which a piston travels. Multiple cylinders are commonly arranged side by side in a bank, or engine block, which is typically cast from aluminum or iron before precision features are machined into it. (Ceramics have also been tried, so far unsuccessfully.) The cylinders may then be lined with sleeves of some harder metal, or given a wear-resistant coating such as Nikasil. A cylinder's displacement, or swept volume, is its cross-sectional area (the square of half the bore times pi ) times the distance the piston travels within the cylinder (the stroke). The engine displacement is the swept volume of one cylinder times the number of cylinders in the engine.


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